Hemp Flower for Sale in Korea
HEMP flower for sale in Korea
All hemp growers in Korea are licensed by the government through the Agricultural Extension
Department associated with each production region. The farmers must register their name and address
and the sizes and locations of their fields. There is one license required for hemp fiber cultivation and a
second for hemp seed cultivation. A farmer who harvests hemp fiber in June, and decides to leave the
plants along the margins of the field for later seed harvest in October, is required to have both
Licenses. There is no fee charged for hemp cultivation licenses and farmers are not required to have
their crops monitored for cannabinoid content.
HEMP SEED CULTIVATION
Hemp seed crops are grown in much more limited regions of Korea than fiber crops. The
Korean hemp landrace variety presently produced in Gang-won Province is called ‘Eul-shi’.
However, in the 1950s and
1960s a landrace from Tochigi Prefecture in Japan was also grown and some breeding
experiments were carried out at the Agricultural Experiment Station in Suwon city south of Seoul
(Ree, 1966). Seed for the following year’s sowing is obtained from two sources. The largest
portion of the seed comes from fields that were planted for hemp seed production. The
secondary source of seed is from branched plants left along the margins of fields when thehemp fiber crop is harvested. Since hemp fiber crops are harvested before they flower, no seed
Commercial seed production takes place mostly in the Jeongseon region, with a small amount
grown in the Geochang region as well,where crops are grown specifically for seed production. In
the Bonghwa area of the Andong region, and also in the Muju region, some hemp farmers leave
the plants growing along the margins of their fiber fields for seed production. These plants are
unsuitable for weaving, as they have branched by the time of the fiber harvest in late June. The
vast majority of farmers in the remainder of the Andong region, as well as those in the Boseong
region, buy seeds each year from suppliers in Jeongseon. Seeds grown in the Geochang region were used primarily to supply sowing seed for
farmers in the surrounding area, although in
2003 and 2004 acreage was much reduced because the local Korean
Hemp Company Ltd. spinning and weaving factory ceased operation
(Lee, J-d, pers. comm., 2004). Seed not used for sowing is sold to birdseed processors and
traditional medicine companies. Neither hemp seed, nor hemp seed oil, is commonly eaten in
Seed hemp fields are usually planted in early to middle May. Northern temperate seed crops are
usually harvested in the middle of October. Fifteen to 30 seeds are sown in tight groups about
1.0-1.5 meters apart and the seedlings grow in clumps.
This allows farmers space to cultivate between the rows to control weeds as the crop grows.
Seed crops ripen in about 150 days and are harvested in middle to late October. The plants are
stacked in the field until dry and then threshed to remove the seed. Seeds may be dried more
thoroughly by spreading them in the sun before they are placed in sacks of 60 kg each.