With the industry of hemp flower becoming more and more of popular practice, it is little wonder that farmers in all States are interested in knowing whether they have the ideal conditions for this plant growth. Farmers in Wyoming are no exception to this rule. Let’s take a look at several of the main factors involved in growing hemp flower and see whether Wyoming would make a suitable location.
Plant Hardiness Zone(s)
Hemp plants are relatively hardy and when conditions are right they do not require a lot of maintenance. For the most part, a mild climate is best for hemp growth, coupled with an adequate growing season and rainfall of at least 25cm each year.
The minimum soil temperature for hemp growth needs to be 12 degrees Celsius. Hemp plants may be able to grow when the temperature is a little lower, however, once the temperature drops significantly below the minimum mark the plants will not be able to thrive.
Wyoming measures up well on this front for hemp growth and often sees a soil temperature of around 17 degrees Celsius making it very attractive for hemp plants to thrive.
Length of Growing Season
Hemp plants will not do well in frosty conditions. Hence the planting season for hemp flower is usually considered to be from the date that there is no risk of further frost.
The growing season in Wyoming is shorter than other States due to the long winters. Generally, the frost-free growing season is considered to be 125 days. However, since many varieties of hemp are known for only requiring a short season to grow, the growing season in Wyoming does not need to pose significant issues.
Average Annual Sunlight
Hemp plants tend to enjoy a lot of sunshine. In fact, they will thrive when they are exposed to wall-to-wall sunshine so to speak, in other words, full days of sunlight. That being said, hemp plants will still be able to survive on much less sunlight than their ideal conditions. Usually, 6 hours per day is the least amount for the plants to grow.
Wyoming benefits from 2982 hours of sunlight per year with the daily average being just over 6 hours per day.
Average Annual Precipitation
As noted above under Plants Hardiness, hemp plants require a minimum of 25cm rainfall annually, this figure is relatively low when we compare it to various other crops.
Since Wyoming has an average annual rainfall of around 40cm it provides moisture levels which are more than adequate.
Hemp growth is suited to elevations which are at 800 feet above sea level or lower.
It is this factor which may cause issues for farmers in Wyoming since the lowest elevation in Wyoming is at 3,099 feet above sea level and the highest is at 6,700 feet above sea level.
Hemp plants like a soil pH of between 6.0 and 7.5. Wyoming offers a soil pH which is between 7.0 and 8.5.
The ideal soil composition for hemp plants is well-aerated soil. In the State of Wyoming, there are many soil types ranging from sandy loam soils to silt loam soils and fine sandy soils.
Unfortunately, as is the case with many plants, hemp plants are subject to many pests and some pest types can do more harm than others. A few of the particularly unsavory ones are stink bugs, hemp flower borers, crickets, and cutworms but there are plenty more too!
As is the case in most States, Wyoming suffers from various crop pests, these include the Stink Bug, the Japanese Beetle, the Soybean Aphid, and the Summer Fruit Moth.
Obtaining A Hemp Flower Grower’s License In Wyoming
Under federal law, it is illegal to grow hemp flower anywhere in the United States without first obtaining a grower’s license from the appropriate regulatory body for the state in which the interested party intends to plant the crop. For information on the legal status of hemp in Wyoming, as well as a breakdown of the application process, click here to buy smokable hemp flower.