Hemp flower is a sturdy plant that does well in drier climates after it is fully grown. The move towards its legalization and cultivation in Texas is said to be great news for ranchers and farmers in the Lone Star State, as it will soon provide them the opportunity to diversify further.
Hemp flower is a sturdy plant that is known to do well even in the most demanding climates. As a drought-resistant plant, it is expected to be cultivable in the state which is popularly known for its hot and dry climate. Of additional research will shed more light on the best hemp cultivars suited to the local soil and weather conditions.
Plant Hardiness Zone(s)
The USDA plant hardiness map divides Texas into six zones, ranging from 6b to 9a. According to this map, the coolest zone, 6b, where winter averages dip as low as -5 degrees Fahrenheit, covers the northern end of the state. Most of the remaining areas experience warmer winters. Hemp flower thrives in zones 8-11; meaning that it is cultivable in most parts of the state throughout much of the winter.
Texas is quite expansive, and as such, covers a variety of climate zones. The state is divided into five regions, each with its own distinctive thermal profile. The Northern Plains are semi-arid. The Trans Pecos Region is arid, as are the western and central-western regions. The Hill Country covering most of central Texas, exhibits both sub-humid and semi-arid climates depending on elevation, while the Piney Woods and eastern part of the state are classed as humid/sub-tropical.
Finally, South Texas is a mixture of semi-arid and tropical climate types. CBD hemp flower does best in mild, humid regions with enough heat and sunlight to dry out the soil between periodic rain showers. So, while conditions in Central Texas are near-optimal, the plant should have a relatively easy time taking root and growing to full maturity just about anywhere within the state’s borders.
Length of Growing Season
The average Texas growing season starts as early as midway through February in some regions and ends about 250 days later. Because hemp flower requires approximately 120 days between planting and harvesting, the growing season provides ample time to produce a large and bountiful crop.
Average Annual Sunlight
For maximum growth during the vegetative stage, hemp plants require a minimum 12 hours of daily sunlight. Anything less will trigger the plant’s flowering stage, leading to premature crop death. Texas experiences an average of almost 3,000 hours of sunlight per annum, with the average length of the day increasing from the start of the growing season until reaching a high of 14 to 16 hours in southern and northern Texas by late June.
Average Annual Precipitation
The average annual precipitation for Texas as a whole is estimated at around 34.4 inches. This exceeds the minimum annual average of 25-30 inches required to produce a successful crop. However, because the state is divided into multiple climate zones, the average annual precipitation will vary by region.
The mean elevation of the state of Texas stands at 1,700 feet above sea level, rising from 0 feet at the Gulf of Mexico shoreline to 8746 feet on Guadalupe Peak. Much of the state, including the plains, lies within the ideal range of 400-800 feet above sea level.
Hemp flower thrives in acidic soils, and this should be taken into account when choosing a location for planting. Soil pH in Texas can be either acidic, neutral, or alkaline depending on the location within the state. In the south-eastern parts of Texas, soils are acidic, while in the east they are either neutral or mildly acidic, and soils in the western and central regions of the state are slightly alkaline.
The best soils for growing hemp are dry and aerated, with the ability to retain water and nutrients for extended lengths of time. Due to its great size and geographical location, Texas demonstrates considerable diversity of topographical, horticultural, and climatic features. Consequently, the state is widely known for its myriad and complex soil types, with up to 1300 distinct varieties having been identified to date.
In addition to the European corn borer, hemp plants grown in Texas may also be at risk of suffering fungal, viral, and bacterial attacks.
Obtaining A Hemp Flower Grower’s License In Texas
Under federal law, it is illegal to grow hemp flower anywhere in the United States without first obtaining a grower’s license from the appropriate regulatory body for the state in which the interested party intends to plant the crop. For information on the legal status of hemp in Texas, as well as a breakdown of the application process, click here. List of CBD Laws & Regulations of the United States by state.