The state of New York has an official soil called Honeoye. This soil is made up of a loamy mix and excellent for gardening. Agriculture is an important industry in the state and crops tend to do well. New York enjoys a subtropical climate with hot humid summers and cold winters. Ideal for gardening.
Plant Hardiness Zone(s)
The state of New York has varying plant hardiness zones ranging from 3a to 7b. The two extremes are affected largely by elevation where colder temperatures are experienced at higher altitudes. Although hemp flower is a hardy plant, it does prefer warm and humid conditions and will therefore fare better in the higher temperature hardiness zones.
New York falls in the North Temperate Thermal Zone which means that it has cold to mild temperatures. Summertime, when the weather is warmer, is more suitable for cultivating hemp flower.
Length of Growing Season
Summer officially begins on 21 June and last until 23 September. However, planting hemp seeds is recommended in late Spring (May) when the soil has thawed optimally. Hemp flower takes about 110 days to reach maturity but it is a short day plant which means that it will only enter the last cycle of growth when the days get shorter – around 12 hours of daylight. Harvesting therefore normally occurs in August.
Average Annual Sunlight
New York receives on average 2,677 days of sunlight every year most of which occurs in the summer months. Hemp flower is heliotropic which means that it requires plenty of sunlight in order to grow and thrive.
Average Annual Precipitation
New York state receives an average annual rainfall of 46.23 inches. Hemp flower requires between 10 and 12 inches of water throughout the growth season and should therefore not require additional irrigation when grown in New York. However, good drainage, especially of the soil, is important as this can negatively impact a crop and can result in smaller plants with lower yield as well as diseases such as mold and fungus.
The state has an average elevation ranging from sea level to 5,344 above sea level at the peak of Mount Marcy. Although it is generally believed that the highly adaptable hemp plant is not greatly affected by altitude, temperatures and other factors at higher elevations are not optimal for growth.
The Soil pH level in the state of New York is 4.5 to 7.00 depending on location. Hemp prefers a slightly alkaline to balanced pH (between 6 and 7). It is recommended to have the soil tested to determine the pH level in a specific location in the state due to the varying degrees of pH level.
New York has been named Honeoye as the State Soil (unofficially) due to this being a large natural resource in the state. The soil is fine loamy, active, and mesic Glossic Hapludalfs which basically means it is the ideal soil for most types of plants and crops including hemp flower. However, it is important to take care that the soil does not become compacted due to heavy rainfall before planting and in the early growth cycle.
There are a variety of different pests that have a negative impact on crops in New York including Cutworm, Alfalfa Weevil and a range of caterpillars. Hemp flower is largely susceptible to mites and aphids and should be treated with pesticides or organic alternatives in the early growing cycle before the appearance of flowering heads.
Obtaining A Hemp Flower Grower’s License In New York
Under federal law, it is illegal to grow hemp flower anywhere in the United States without first obtaining a grower’s license from the appropriate regulatory body for the state in which the interested party intends to plant the crop. For information on the legal status of hemp in New York, as well as a breakdown of the application process, click here. Read about hemp legality by state.